# Environmental Physics (250550) – Course 2024/25 PDF

# Syllabus

## Learning Objectives

In this course, the basic physical principles that occur in the natural physical environment are reviewed. Emphasis is placed on the concepts of Kinematics (reference systems, relative movement, absolute movement), Dynamics (particles, internal / external forces, center of mass, introduction to continuous media), Work and Energy, Thermodynamics and on Electric Fields and Magnetic). 1.- Educational formation in concepts about Kinematics and Dynamics. Laws of Mechanics, Work and Energy. 2.- Application of concepts related to simple harmonic movement and wave kinematics. 3.- Internalize the concepts of fields, illustrated with elements of electricity and magnetism. IIn this course, the basic concepts and principles of Newtonian Mechanics that apply to the natural physical environment and, in particular, to the marine environment are taught and worked on. The concepts of position, velocity, acceleration, inertial reference system, force and torque, inertia, linear and angular momentum, work, energy and resonance are introduced. The description and dynamics of the motion of a particle, a system of particles and a rigid solid are studied. Emphasis is placed on some types of force: friction, elastic and gravitational. Relative motion in rotating systems is studied and applied to the case of the earth. Oscillations in one degree of freedom are studied with an elementary introduction to the case of two degrees of freedom. Finally, a brief introduction is made to dimensional analysis and to the analysis and propagation of experimental errors. The objective of this course is to state the grounds so that the students can later understand the concepts and foundations of geophysical fluid dynamics, with application to the marine and atmospheric environments. This will allows them to understand the dynamics of currents, oscillations and waves in the sea, atmospheric dynamics, the propagation of dissolved substances, etc. It must also establish the bases to address the motion and resistance to motion of floating bodies, marine energy collectors, structures, etc. This is one of the subjects where the general but essential foundations of the 5 major areas of Marine Sciences and Technologies (Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Geology and Mathematics) are established as a continuation of the training acquired in high school. But the focus is here on the environment and the education on Marine Sciences and Technology.

## Competencies

### Especific

To know and apply the lexicon and concepts of the Marine Sciences and Technologies and other related fields.

Establish a good practice in the integration of common numerical, laboratory and field techniques in the analysis of any problem related to the marine environment.

### Generic

Develop a professional activity in the field of Marine Sciences and Technologies.

Address in a comprehensive manner the analysis and preservation of the marine environment with sustainability criteria.

## Total hours of student work

Hours | Percentage | |||
---|---|---|---|---|

Supervised Learning | Large group | 30h | 50.00 % | |

Medium group | 15h | 25.00 % | ||

Laboratory classes | 15h | 25.00 % | ||

Self Study | 90h |

## Teaching Methodology

The course consists of 4 hours a week of classroom classes: a) Theory: 2 hours are devoted to theoretical classes in which the teacher presents the concepts and basic materials of the subject and presents examples. Whenever possible, concepts and laws are introduced from particular cases and the general formulation is then presented. The examples are intended to be related to the marine environment: Presentation is combined with ppt and use of the blackboard, and when appropriate, a video is projected. b) Problems: 2 hours are devoted to completing the theory with examples and to solving problems with greater interaction with students. Efforts are also made to ensure that problems are as closely related to the marine environment as possible. There is also two practical projects that are carried out in the Physics Laboratory of the Campus Nord with 4 hours duration. There is also to practical projects to be developped at the Physics Lab Support material in digital format which is available on the ATENEA virtual campus is used: the theory ppt's, a collection of problems with their result, the description of the laboratory project and links to Internet sites that can be useful. Although most of the sessions will be given in the language indicated, sessions supported by other occasional guest experts may be held in other languages.

## Grading Rules

The evaluation calendar and grading rules will be approved before the start of the course.

The final grade of the course is obtained according to the following partial marks: 1) First partial exam (P1) 2) Second partial exam (P2) 3) Final exam (F) 4) Laboratory (L1) 5) Exercise based on the laboratory work (L2) 6) Classroom grade (C) There are two ways to pass the course: a) Continuous evaluation b) Final exam. The marks corresponding to each option are computed as: Na=0.3*P1+0.4*P2+0.1*L1+0.1*L2+0.1*C Nb=0.9*F+0.1*L1 The second and the final exams will take place at the same time and some of the exercises are shared between both exams. The students freely choose the exercises they want and they get two marks: according to option a) and according to option b). The resulting grade is the highest out of both. - All the marks are out of 10. - The grade "Not presented" is obtained in case the student has not done any exam or gradable activity. RE-EVALUATION: those students who do not pass with any of both options (a,b) can do a re-evaluation exam if they have done the practical laboratory work.

## Test Rules

Failure to appear for any of the tests implies a grade of zero in that test. Exams are strictly individual. Failure to comply with this rule in an exam may result in a grade of zero.

## Office Hours

- Agreed hours: albert.falques@upc.edu - The preferred timetable will be communicated at the beginning of the course

## Bibliography

### Basic

- Bedford,A.; Fowler, W. Mecánica para Ingeniería - Dinámica. 5a ed. Naulcalpan de Juárez, Mexic: Pearson Educación, 2008. ISBN 9786074428759.

### Complementary

- Tipler, P.A.; Mosca, G. Física para la ciencia y la tecnología. 6a ed. Barcelona: Reverté, 2010. ISBN 9788429144284 (O.C.).
- Sears, F.; Zemansky, M.; Young, H.; Freedman, R. Física universitaria. 13 ed. Pearson Consumo, 2014. ISBN 9786073221245 (VOL. 1) ; 9786073221900 (VOL. 2).